2011-10-28 THIS IS A REPRODUCTION OF THE IPAD DOCUMENT
The People Before the Parties
The centralization of political power in the hands of two narrow factions at all levels of
government is neither democratic nor republican. No party system whatsoever is mandated
by the U.S. Constitution. Today, government of the people, by the people and
for the people has been transformed into government of the people, by the parties, for the
Faced with a forced choice between a Republican and a Democrat, when there is any choice,
the majority of Americans no longer vote in the majority of elections. The current party
system has brought about a crisis of democracy.
Bipolar party government cannot account for the diverse, multipolar body of the US
electorate. The party system has led to a crisis of representation.
The states are the laboratories of democracy. We urge states, localities, and General
Assemblies nationwide to begin a series of bold new experiments in democratic
self-government, to open our political system to the 99% who go unrepresented by party
We call for experimentation with reforms to create a level playing field for all voters and for all
candidates for elected office – whatever their party affiliation or lack thereof may
be –, and to curtail the influence of corporations and entrenched political factions over our
system of government.
We recommend experimentation with (in no particular order):
• Alternative voting methods. Our voting systems should promote honest participatory democracy. There are alternatives to plurality voting, such as instant runoff voting, ranked choice voting, approval voting and range voting, liquid democracy and so on.
• Independent, nonpartisan redistricting reform. Voters should choose their representatives,
lawmakers should not choose their own voters.
• Expansion of the number of representatives in local and state government and in the
House of Representatives. This will ensure a closer relationship between the people and
their elected officials, putting the latter on a shorter leash.
• Proportional representation. Winner-take-all, single member district plurality voting has
allowed narrow political factions to wield disproportionate influence within our system of
government. There are alternatives.
• Expansion of franchise. Those who are denied of the right to vote because they
have, for example, served time in prison, should be re-enfranchised.
• Term limits. Election to public office is not a lifetime appointment. Term limits should be imposed by law or by the people at the ballot box. (Disagree; the other reforms will address the unfair advantage of incumbents. The right way is not to balance the unfair advantage with an unfair disadvantage.)
• Ballot access reform. All should be equal before the law regardless of party affiliation
or lack thereof. Ballot access laws that favor the major parties and discriminate against
independent and third party candidates should be repealed and replaced with fair and
• Primary election reform. A publicly funded election should be open to the public. If
parties desire to hold closed primary elections, they can provide for their own caucuses
• Initiatives and referenda. The people retain the right to originate ballot initiatives and
• Vote counting. The reintroduction of hand counted, paper ballots, or the introduction of
significant controls to protect against the rigging of electronic voting machines, which are
produced, operated and serviced by corporations with significant ties to powerful political
factions. (Rewrite? ALL ballots should be on paper; the choice is hand-counted or transparent machine-counted.)
• Weekend or holiday voting. Voting should be encouraged not discouraged.
• Fusion voting. If they so desire, parties should be able to nominate the candidates of
their choice across party lines.
• Campaign finance. Publicly funded election campaigns, or matching fund systems that
allow candidates who refuse to accept corporate donations to compete on a level playing
field with candidates who are heavily financed by corporate interests.
• Combination and synthesis. A liquid democratic primary with an IRV runoff between the
top four candidates from the primary. Countless other possibilities.
This list is not exhaustive. We urge assemblies nationwide to deliberate on reforms that can
open our system of government to the people and put people before parties. We urge states
and localities to implement reforms.