Proposal From Tonight

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Working Group & Caucus Spokes Council Proposal

Submitted by the Structure Working Group

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This is a living document.



With the unbelievable success and growth of our movement over the past month, we find ourselves in need of a more transparent, accountable and functional structure for Working Groups and Caucuses to communicate, collaborate, and make decisions together, including holistic budgetary decisions.  This structure would not replace the General Assembly, the morning check-in or the occupiers meeting, but rather complement them.

In order to maintain the non-hierarchical and directly democratic nature of OWS, while encouraging more functional, accountable, and transparent processes, we propose that we institute a Spokes Council comprised of all Working Groups and Caucuses. This is a structure and process that we can evolve and change as our needs grow.


What is a Spokes Council?

A spokes council is a structure that has been used widely by democratic movements since the Spanish Revolution, and draws inspiration from many indigenous struggles such as the Zapatistas in Chiapas, Mexico. It was used effectively and for many years in Anti-Nuclear (80’s) and Global Justice (90s and 00s) movements in the US and internationally.  The beauty of a spokes council is that it allows large numbers of people to participate in directly democratic decision-making, united in their desire for accountable, transparent and horizontal relationships. It is called a spokes council because it is structured like the spokes of a wheel.   


   The OWS Spokes Council will be comprised of Clusters of Working Groups and Caucuses.

Working Group Clusters

  • A Working Group is defined as a group that is contributing logistical work that benefits the occupation as a whole.
  • Working Groups have the autonomy to make decisions relevant to their own needs, compositionand operation.
  • Each Working Group will submit a written charterto their Cluster including the following: their mission, the work they are engaged in, where and when they meet, and how people can join. A copy of their charterwill be published on the NYCGA website.
  • Working Groups will join other Working Groups with similar missions to form Working Group Clusters. Each Cluster will have one spoke person for each meeting of the Spokes Council.
  • Clusters will present their proposed charter to the Spokes Council for approval.
  • Clusters will be autonomous within their area of operation and are expected to check-in with each other between Spokes Councils.

Caucus Clusters

  • A Caucus is a self-determining group of people that share a common experience of being systemically marginalized in our society based (but not limited to)on their real or perceived race, gender identity, sexuality, age, or ability.
  • Caucuses have the autonomy to make decisions relevant to their own needs, composition and operation.
  • It is not the responsibility of a Caucus to educate others about oppression.
  • Each Caucus will submit a charter to their Cluster including: a description of their mission, where they meet, and how new people can get involved. A copy of their charter will be published on the NYCGA website.
  • Caucuses will join other Caucuses with similar experiences of systemic marginalization into Caucus Clusters. Each Caucus Cluster will have a Spoke on the Spokes Council.
  • Caucus Clusterswill have all the powers of  Working Group Clusters. In addition, they will have the ability to halt proposals they deem to have potentially disproportionately adverse consequences for their constituency. They will be allowed reasonable time to bring the issue to their Caucus Cluster for deliberation.
  • New Caucus Clusters will present their proposed charters to the Spokes Council for approval.
  • ——————–


Thematic Groups

  • Thematic Groups are autonomous and do not have clusters or spokes in the Spokes Council. If they wish to bring forward a proposal to the Spokes Council theymay work with the appropriate Cluster to sponsor them.Thematic groups are welcome to bring proposals to the GA without sponsors.


How It Works

  • Before each Spokes Council, each Cluster will consent to a “spoke” to sit with the other “spokes” in a circle in the middle of the meeting space.
  • The spokes are not representatives, as they do not make decisions alone and are accountable to all the members of their cluster who are in attendance and seated directly behind them. Though they are the only individuals to speak at that meeting, when a proposal is made, they must confer with and reflect the sentiments of the attending members of their Cluster before speaking for them.If a Cluster cannot reach consensus, the spoke will reflect the diversity of sentiments in their Cluster.
  • A Cluster can recall their spoke at any time if they are failing to adequately reflect the will of the Cluster.
  • Clusters will rotate their spoke every meeting, whichwill make space for marginalized voices to be a spoke more often.
  • Working Groups and Caucuses will deliberate on their proposals within their Cluster prior to bringing their proposal to the Spokes Council as a whole. This helps ensure that proposals are thoughtful and well crafted. 
  • If a Cluster as a whole cannot consent to a proposal, a Working Group or Caucus can put forth a proposal from just their group. The Cluster spoke will make clear where the proposal is from the Cluster as a whole or a singular group.
  • If a member of a Cluster wants to block the Spokes Council from moving forward, they must first appeal to the wisdom of their Cluster, trusting that if their block is truly based on a serious ethical or safety concern, their Cluster will hear their wisdom and block the proposal. This relieves the Spoke Council from having to evaluate the merit of blocks and safeguards it from being obstructed by individuals that wish our movement harm.
  • Individuals that are in multiple Working Groups and Caucuses are free to sit with any Cluster they are a part of.

Decisions & Decision-Making

  • The main function of the Spokes Council is coordination, in the form of working group report backs and agenda items.
  • Proposals for the Spokes Council must be relevant to other Clusters.
  • Like the GA, Spokes Council decisions are made by modified consensus.  An attempt will be made to reach consensus and if consensus cannot be reached, and block cannot be addressed, a vote will be taken. To stop a proposal, one-tenth of all Clusters present must vote against it.
  • All decisions made in the Spokes Council (financial and otherwise) are completely transparent and posted on the NYCGA website.
  • The three types of decisions that the Spokes Council attend to are:
  1. Decisions related to the coordination between Working Groups and Caucuses. Decisions pertaining to the occupation as a whole will still go the GA.
  2. Approval of all budgets and capital expenditures.
    1. Budgets are submitted to the finance committee on weekly basis and presented to the Spokes Council for approval.
    2. Decisions related to membership of Working Groups and Caucus Clustersin the Spokes Council.


Relationship to the General Assembly

The General Assembly embodies the heart of our movement. It is a constantly evolving body that enables participation and horizontal process. The Spokes Council will not replace the GA. The GA will continue to make all decisions except budgetary and logistical decisions that are specific to the working groups.

Proposed Schedule

The GA will continue to meet at 7pm on Tuesday, Thursday, Saturdays and Sundays. The GA will remain the main decision making body for OWS as a whole.

In order to maximize access and participation, the Spokes Council will meet at 7PM Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.

Open Access

The Spokes Council is open to all to witness, but to participate; one must be an active participant in a Working Group or Caucus.The Spokes Council will take place in a well-publicized indoor location with amplified sound so all can hear.

The Occupiers Meeting will be given a spoke at the assembly for those camping but not involved in any formal Working Groups.

All Spokes Councilswill be broadcast over the Livestream (occupynyc) and meeting minutes and budget details will be completely transparent and posted on the NYCGA website through open-source technology.

The Spokes Councildoes not profess to speak for OWS as a whole. The GA will retain the ability to speak for OWS. Neither body will speak for other occupations nor the larger occupy movement.


Initiation of Spokes Council


During the inaugural Spokes Council, all Working Groupand CaucusClusters will bring their charters for ratification by the Spokes Council.

This inaugural meeting will operate initially as a Spokes Council of un-ratified Working Groups/Caucuses and, through its own process, will move towards ending as a Spokes Council of ratified Clusters.

Working Groups will be encouraged to cluster with similar groups, such that the total number of Clusters remains between twenty and thirty.

Groups that do not make this meeting will propose charters at subsequent meetings.

Additional process details canbe worked out in subsequent Spokes Councils.

We will review the Spokes Council in the GA two weeks from the first Spokes Council, to reflect on how it’s going and address concerns.

**History of this Proposal – This proposal has undergone many revisions, taking into account a wide range of concerns and amendments. It has been workshopped in the Facilitation Working Group, in the 3 GA discussions, in 2 large, public meetings, and 5structure working group meetings.

2 Responses to “Proposal From Tonight”

  1. Matt Lepacek

    Hi, I’m Matt from Open Source, Internet, Global Revolution-Livestream, I’m one of the technical people here and I really need you to ignore the length of this letter and still read it and even click on the link to the product I am discussing here.

    In Open-Source we have readily available tools that can be factored into the problem of our growing GA, to facilitate further brainstorming about the SC model solution.

    These tools are a system of quick-voting and polling tools both physical (paper) and electronic. We envision the solution to direct democracy is providing tools that will give every attending participant a voice on important issues.

    A number of ideas have been tossed around including

    a) handing a printed ticket with unique serial code to each attendant to identify their unique votes for the session so that the system can not be manipulated by people not in attendance. That ticket could be turned in physically for voting or for a time period could be redeemed electronically via one of the below electronic mediums

    b) a phone system that users can dial into to vote using touch-tone and voice response

    c) a smartphone / iphone / android application for quick voting

    d) a web-site for voting e) text messaging for voting

    f) professional audience response polling electronic equipment for focus groups. My personal assessment for our needs is the last as it is the most efficient and most “disposable” system we can achieve (it isn’t reasonable to give everyone cell-phones or androids).

    e) all of the above

    Before you call me crazy for the next proposal please consider that what we seek to create here is a model that will inspire the world, and continue to give us media publicity and traction. Adapting Spanish ideas are wonderful, but lets consider the advantages technology offers us and open our minds to the possibilities of this direct-democracy we dream of. We have received nearly 300k in donations and can purchase the following system for nearly $5,000 – $10,000.00. (which sill support 1,000 people). We can also rent the system on a trial basis for $500-$2500 a day depending on the number of participants.

    Here is a link to a manufacturer of one such product (least expensive legacy product):

    We give each participant in the GA a handheld wireless remote control to vote. All answers and instantly recorded and presented on a projection screen for all to see.

    Yes, theft will be an issue that we can come up with another solution for (perhaps user registration). However, they aren’t that expensive to replace as we are using outdated technology which is readily available at under $7 per remote voting device.

    My summary of the proposal-as-is:

    1) consider introducing this as a trial-charter, ensure it can be dissolved by the GA

    2) make a list of the issues/transactions that must go to the GA for approval

    3) ensure that important GA decisions are made by the dedicated people of our movement by not scheduling big decisions for days that Unions are joining us or we are anticipating a extra-large attendance

    4) however at the same time we must clearly announce all upcoming discussions and decisions /votes as soon as possible on the web-site, and establish a minimum notification time for a issue to come to vote for a defined list of issues/transactions

    5) limit the scope of what the spokes council can do without the GA’s consent and revisit this conservative list at a later date.

    6) Ensure that the SC is elastic in nature of its relationship to the GA, has an active role in determining what transactions/issues are necessary to be brought to the GA.

    7) Consider that if a unanimous consensus is not reached in the SC then the issue/transaction will be brought to the GA.

  2. Darrell Prince

    This version does not include the Spokes council GA proposal amendment we consensed to add the other day.

    Spokes are certainly representatives and that needs to be changed, as it looks ridiculous.